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Computer & Internet Access

Variable Definitions:
Cellular Data Plan Only: The percentage of households in which the only form of internet access is a data plan for a smart phone.

No Computer Access: The percentage of households in which no one in the household owns or has access to a computer, including a desktop, laptop, tablet or smartphone.

No Internet Access: The percentage of households in which no one in the household is able to use or connect to the internet at home. Types of internet include broadband, dial-up, or a data plan for a smart phone. 

Smartphone Only : The percentage of households in which no one in the household owns or has access to a computer besides a smartphone.

Source:
American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates, Table S2801

Years Available:

2017, 2018, 2019

*Note: Each year of available data shown above is a 5-year estimate, or an average of data collected over a five year period. 5-year estimates are used to increase the reliability of the data at small geographies like neighborhoods and census tracts. The years shown on the NDSC map represent the final year of the five year average (e.g. “2010” represents 2006-2010 data, “2011” represents 2007-2011 data, and so on). For the most impactful comparison of data over time, the ACS recommends comparing non-overlapping years (e.g. 2010-14 with 2015-19).

Why are these variables important to measure?

Computer & Internet Access
Across the globe, access to a computer and internet connection is becoming increasingly important. In 2011, the United Nations Human Rights Council published a report stating that internet access is an important enabler of freedom of opinion, expression and progress of society as a whole. Internet and computers are playing an increasingly important role in schools and education, as well as for things like employment searches, emergency alerts, and news/information dissemination. 

The popularization of smartphones has helped to bring internet and computer access to a wider audience. However, while smartphones can help connect people socially and provide access to news and emergency alerts, they may be less helpful for educational and job seeking purposes.  According to 2017 American Community Survey estimates, approximately 21% of Americans do not have access to any type of internet, while an additional 8% only have access to a cellular data plan. 

Citation:
American Community Survey. 2017 Subject Definitions. Link

US Census Bureau. “Why We Ask Questions about Computer and Internet Access”, 2016. Link.

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