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Variable Definitions:
Students Suspended: The percentage of enrolled students who are suspended at any point in a given school year. Students who are suspended multiple times are only counted once.

Students Suspended for Defiance Only: The percentage of suspended students who are suspended with a listed reason of “disruption”. This excludes suspensions that are given due to violence, weapons, or drugs.

Methodology Note: 

The original data comes at the school level. Our team geocoded the school locations to generate X/Y coordinates, then spatial joined each point to 2020 Census Tracts.

California Department of Education (CDE) Ed-Data/Data Quest

Years Available:
2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022

*The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in statewide physical school closures in February/March 2020 followed by the widespread implementation of distance learning during the 2020–21 academic year. The California Department of Education (CDE) recommends caution when comparing discipline data across academic years. For this dataset, 2021 data reflects a low number of students being suspended during distance learning.

Why are these variables important to measure?

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