When the COVID-19 outbreak began in Los Angeles during March 2020, County leadership was quick to roll out several measures to stem the spread of
College Graduation Rate: The percentage of the population ages 25 and older who have a bachelor’s degree or higher level of education
Less than High School: The percentage of the population ages 25 and older without a high school diploma
American Community Survey, 5-year estimates, Tables B14004, B15002
2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
*Note: Each year of available data shown above is a 5-year estimate, or an average of data collected over a five year period. 5-year estimates are used to increase the reliability of the data at small geographies like neighborhoods and census tracts. The years shown on the NDSC map represent the final year of the five year average (e.g. “2010” represents 2006-2010 data, “2011” represents 2007-2011 data, and so on). For the most impactful comparison of data over time, the ACS recommends comparing non-overlapping years (e.g. 2010-14 with 2015-19).
Why are these variables important to measure?
College Graduation Rate
Obtaining a bachelor’s degree appears to be of growing social and economic importance, particularly for younger generations. Across age groups, individuals with bachelor’s degrees tend to have higher incomes, lower rates of unemployment, and are less likely to live in poverty than their counterparts without degrees.
Less than High School
Dropping out of high school substantially reduces an individual’s lifetime earnings, increases their chances of living in poverty, and may even contribute to lower health outcomes. Communities with more educated populations tend to have higher rates of economic productivity and growth.
Belfield, Clive R., Henry M. Levin, and Rachel Rosen. “The economic value of opportunity youth.” Civic Enterprises. Link
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The California Department of Public Health reported in 2017 that completing a formal education is a crucial step on the pathway to securing fulfilling employment