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No Vehicle Ownership

Variable Definitions:
No Vehicle Households: The percentage of households who do not possess a working vehicle, excluding motorcycles or other recreational vehicles

American Community Survey, 5 Year Estimates, Table B25044

Years Available:

2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019

*Note: Each year of available data shown above is a 5-year estimate, or an average of data collected over a five year period. 5-year estimates are used to increase the reliability of the data at small geographies like neighborhoods and census tracts. The years shown on the NDSC map represent the final year of the five year average (e.g. “2010” represents 2006-2010 data, “2011” represents 2007-2011 data, and so on). For the most impactful comparison of data over time, the ACS recommends comparing non-overlapping years (e.g. 2010-14 with 2015-19).

Why are these variables important to measure?

No Vehicle Households

A household is considered to have a vehicle when it owns or leases a working passenger car, van, pickup truck, or panel truck and keeps the vehicle at home. Company and government-owned vehicles such as police cars are counted if they are also used for non-business purposes. Motorcycles and other recreational vehicles are not counted in this measure.

Access to transportation is an important factor in understanding many other policy areas including income and employment, food scarcity, and health. In some urban areas, low vehicle ownership is not a significant barrier to accessing employment and other resources if public transit is widely available and used. Because the city of Los Angeles is geographically large and many residents tend to live and work in separate neighborhoods, vehicle ownership is an important part of understanding access to employment in this region.

Households with No Vehicles is a useful tool when compared with other variables like the Unemployment Rate, Grocery Store Access, and Transit Ridership to understand how transportation may affect access to other resources and opportunities in a neighborhood.


“American Community Survey and Puerto Rico Community Survey 2015 Subject Definitions.” United States Census Bureau: American Community Survey, 2015. Link.

“Highlights of the 2001 National Household Travel survey: Household, individual, and vehicle characteristics.” United States Department of Transportation: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, 2001. Link.

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