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Race & Ethnicity

Variable Definitions:

American Indian/Native Population: The percentage of the population who identifies as Non-Hispanic American Indian/Native

Asian Population: The percentage of the population who identifies as Non-Hispanic Asian

Black Population: The percentage of the population who identifies as Non-Hispanic Black

Hispanic/Latino Population: The percentage of the population (of any race) who identifies as Hispanic/Latino

Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander Population: The percentage of the population that identifies as Non-Hispanic Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander

Other Race Population: The percentage of the population that identifies as Non-Hispanic and “Other Race”

Population of Two or More Races: The percentage of the population identifies as Non-Hispanic and two or more races

White Population: The percentage of the population who identifies as Non-Hispanic White

Source:
American Community Survey (ACS), 5-year estimates, Table B03002 

Years Available*:
2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019

*Note: Each year of available data shown above is a 5-year estimate, or an average of data collected over a five year period. 5-year estimates are used to increase the reliability of the data at small geographies like neighborhoods and census tracts. The years shown on the NDSC map represent the final year of the five year average (e.g. “2010” represents 2006-2010 data, “2011” represents 2007-2011 data, and so on). For the most impactful comparison of data over time, the ACS recommends comparing non-overlapping years (e.g. 2010-14 with 2015-19).

Why are these variables important to measure?

American Indian/Native Population

The Census Bureau defines “American Indian/Native” as “a person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America), and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment. It includes people who indicate their race as ‘American Indian or Alaska Native’ or report entries such as Navajo, Blackfeet, Inupiat, Yup’ik, Central American Indian groups, or South American Indian groups.” 

The racial classifications used by the Census Bureau reflect a social definition of race recognized in the United States, not a biological, anthropological, or genetic definition. Furthermore, the Census definitions include racial and national origin or sociocultural groups. While people may choose more than one race to indicate their racial mixture, all individuals in this classification have selected only “American Indian/Native” as their race. When asked whether or not they were of Hispanic ethnicity, all people in this classification indicated that they were of Non-Hispanic ethnicity.

Information on race and ethnicity is often required for Federal programs and equal employment opportunities. Furthermore, measuring racial disparity is an important tool for policymakers in many areas including health, employment and income, and education. 

Asian Population

The Census Bureau defines “Asian” as “a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.”

The racial classifications used by the Census Bureau reflect a social definition of race recognized in the United States, not a biological, anthropological, or genetic definition. Furthermore, the Census definitions include racial and national origin or sociocultural groups. While people may choose more than one race to indicate their racial mixture, all individuals in this classification have selected only “Asian” as their race.  When asked whether or not they were of Hispanic ethnicity, all people in this classification indicated that they were of Non-Hispanic ethnicity.

Information on race and ethnicity is often required for Federal programs and equal employment opportunities. Furthermore, measuring racial disparity is an important tool for policymakers in many areas including health, employment and income, and education.

Black Population

The Census Bureau defines “Black/African American” as “a person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. It includes people who indicate their race as ‘Black’ or ‘African American’ or report entries such as African American, Kenyan, Nigerian, or Haitian.”

The racial classifications used by the Census Bureau reflect a social definition of race recognized in the United States, not a biological, anthropological, or genetic definition. Furthermore, the Census definitions include racial and national origin or sociocultural groups. While people may choose more than one race to indicate their racial mixture, all individuals in this classification have selected only “Black/African American” as their race. When asked whether or not they were of Hispanic ethnicity, all people in this classification indicated that they were of Non-Hispanic ethnicity.

Information on race and ethnicity is often required for Federal programs and equal employment opportunities. Furthermore, measuring racial disparity is an important tool for policymakers in many areas including health, employment and income, and education. Information on race and ethnicity is often required for Federal programs and equal employment opportunities. Furthermore, measuring racial disparity is an important tool for policymakers in many areas including health, employment and income, and education.

Hispanic Population

The ethnicities of “Hispanic,” “Latino,” and “Spanish” are used interchangeably and can include people from any race. Some people may identify with more than one of these terms. Within the “Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish” ethnicity, there are specific categories listed in the Census questionnaire such as Mexican, Puerto Rican, or Cuban. Individuals identifying as another Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin outside of those categories could have Dominican, Salvadoran, Guatemalan, Argentinean, Colombian, Spaniard, or other Spanish cultures or origins.

The racial classifications used by the Census Bureau reflect a social definition of race recognized in the United States, not a biological, anthropological, or genetic definition. Furthermore, the Census definitions include racial and national origin or sociocultural groups.

Information on race and ethnicity is often required for Federal programs and equal employment opportunities. Furthermore, measuring racial disparity is an important tool for policymakers in many areas including health, employment and income, and education.

Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander Population

The Census Bureau defines “Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander” as “a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands. It includes people who indicate their race as Native Hawaiian, Guamanian or Chamorro, Samoan, and Other Pacific Islander, or provide other detailed Pacific Islander responses.”

The racial classifications used by the Census Bureau reflect a social definition of race recognized in the United States, not a biological, anthropological, or genetic definition. Furthermore, the Census definitions include racial and national origin or sociocultural groups. While people may choose more than one race to indicate their racial mixture, all individuals in this classification have selected only “Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander” as their race. When asked whether or not they were of Hispanic ethnicity, all people in this classification indicated that they were of Non-Hispanic ethnicity.

Information on race and ethnicity is often required for Federal programs and equal employment opportunities. Furthermore, measuring racial disparity is an important tool for policymakers in many areas including health, employment and income, and education.

Other Race Population

People who identify as “Other Race” belong to a single racial category that is different from those used by the Census Bureau (“White,” “Black/African American,” “American Indian/Alaska Native,” “Asian,” or “Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander”).

The racial classifications used by the Census Bureau reflect a social definition of race recognized in the United States, not a biological, anthropological, or genetic definition. Furthermore, the Census definitions include racial and national origin or sociocultural groups. While people may choose more than one race to indicate their racial mixture, all individuals in this classification have selected only “Other Race” as their race. When asked whether or not they were of Hispanic ethnicity, all people in this classification indicated that they were of Non-Hispanic ethnicity.

Information on race and ethnicity is often required for Federal programs and equal employment opportunities. Furthermore, measuring racial disparity is an important tool for policymakers in many areas including health, employment and income, and education.

Population of Two or More Races

People who identify as belonging to two or more races selected multiple racial categories on the Census, which could be categories used by the Census Bureau (“White,” “Black/African American,” “American Indian/Alaska Native,” “Asian,” and “Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander”) or some other race. When asked whether or not they were of Hispanic ethnicity, all people in this classification indicated that they were of Non-Hispanic ethnicity.

The racial classifications used by the Census Bureau reflect a social definition of race recognized in the United States, not a biological, anthropological, or genetic definition. Furthermore, the Census definitions include racial and national origin or sociocultural groups.

Information on race and ethnicity is often required for Federal programs and equal employment opportunities. Furthermore, measuring racial disparity is an important tool for policymakers in many areas including health, employment and income, and education.

White Population

The Census Bureau defines “White” as “a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. It includes people who indicate their race as ‘White’ or report entries such as Irish, German, Italian, Lebanese, Arab, Moroccan, or Caucasian.”

The racial classifications used by the Census Bureau reflect a social definition of race recognized in the United States, not a biological, anthropological, or genetic definition. Furthermore, the Census definitions include racial and national origin or sociocultural groups. While people may choose more than one race to indicate their racial mixture, all individuals in this classification have selected only “White” as their race. When asked whether or not they were of Hispanic ethnicity, all people in this classification indicated that they were of Non-Hispanic ethnicity.

Information on race and ethnicity is often required for Federal programs and equal employment opportunities. Furthermore, measuring racial disparity is an important tool for policymakers in many areas including health, employment and income, and education.

Citation:
American Community Survey. 2017 Subject Definitions. Link. 

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